Trigger Point Therapy
Myofascial trigger points are a hyperirritable spot in skeletal muscle that are associated with a hypersensitive palpable nodule in a taut band.
Myofascial trigger points develop when there is acute or chronic overload of the muscle involved, or repetitive overuse of the muscle.
The myofascial trigger point is painful on compression and can cause referred pain, referred tenderness, motor dysfunction and autonomic phenomena.
Trigger point therapy is a technique where slowly increasing, non-painful pressure is applied over a trigger point until a barrier of tissue resistance is encountered. Pressure is then maintained until the tissue barrier releases, pressure is then increased again to reach a new barrier to eliminate the trigger point tension and tenderness.
Pain relief is achieved by releasing muscular tension by inactivating the trigger points that are causing the taut bands which are responsible for the increased tension.